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Britain and the Arab Middle East by Robert H. Lieshout download in pdf, ePub, iPad

They had promised that they would reverse the British White Paper and would support a Jewish state in Palestine. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east, and by Israel to the south.

However, fear of popular pressure combined with fear that other Arab states would gain an advantage over them by fighting in Palestine, helped sway Syria, Jordan and Egypt to go to war. Jerusalem and environs were to be internationalized. The Zionists felt that British restriction of immigration to Palestine had cost hundreds of thousands of lives. These suspicions were later confirmed, and the extermination of European Jews came to be known as the Holocaust.

However fear of popular pressure

The Syrians and Lebanese began to implement the diversions. Arab states were reluctant to commit more men to the struggle or to spend more money.

Israel began to implement its National Water Carrier plan, which pumps water from the Sea of Galilee to irrigate south and central Israel. After dealing with Egypt, Israel decided to conquer the Golan heights, despite opposition and doubts of some in the government, including Moshe Dayan, who had been appointed defense minister. Palestinian attempts to set up a real state were blocked by Egypt and Jordan. This depopulated and impoverished the coast of Palestine for hundreds of years.

Beginning of Arab blockade of Jerusalem. Consequently, the borders of Israel established by the armistice commission never received de jure legal international recognition.

Rickety boats full of refugees tried to reach Palestine. More about he Arab Revolt or Great Uprising. This marked a critical stage in the fighting. Israel feels isolated and lacking Western protection. The pogroms led to evacuation of most of the Jewish community of Hebron.

They destroyed numerous small Palestinian villages surrounding Tel-Aviv, so that virtually no Palestinians were left in central Israel. Arabs call the defeat and exile of the Palestinian Arabs in the Nakba disaster. The plan, codenamed operation Dawn, was discovered by Israel. Aisha with an award recognizing her role in implementing the smart city vision of H.

Jerusalem and environs were to

The threat of extermination also created great pressure for immigration to Palestine, but the gates of Palestine were closed by the British White Paper. He holds a bachelor in Electronic Engineering from the University of Surrey. The Fatimids took advantage of the Seljuk struggles with the Christian crusaders. The Executive Office is in charge of implementing H.