Progress in Language by Otto Jespersen download in pdf, ePub, iPad
Thus one retains the corollary while rejecting the principle. Time was generally regarded as the enemy of humanity which depreciates the value of the world. The last two centuries were familiar with the myth of progress. Marxism further states that capitalism, in its quest for higher profits and new markets, will inevitably sow the seeds of its own destruction. Philosophers, men of science and politicians have accepted the idea of the inevitability of progress.
All that is solid melts into air, all which is holy is profaned, and man is at last compelled to face with sober senses his real condition of life and his relations with his kind. The one myth has replaced the other. The Progress of humanity belongs to the same order of ideas as Providence or personal immortality.
This induced a revolution in curiosity about nature in general and scientific advance, which opened the gates for technical and economic advance. He argued that man's capacity for improvement has been demonstrated by the growth of his intellect, a form of progress which offsets the distresses engendered by the law of population. All fixed, fast frozen relations, with their train of ancient and venerable prejudices and opinions, are swept away, all new-formed ones become antiquated before they can ossify.
They agreed as well that there had been a systematic decline of coercion in government, and an increasing role of liberty and of rule by consent. Therefore, all progress depends on the unreasonable man. Man found his happiness only in effort. Most scholars concluded this growth of scientific knowledge and methods led to the growth of industry and the transformation of warlike societies into an industrial and pacific one.
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